Our Vaccine Care & Protocol


We follow New York State guidelines and are one of the few practices that will not over-vaccinate your pet. We see many patients that have been vaccinated more frequently than needed.

DHLPP is a vaccine for canine distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis, and leptospirosis. These diseases are typically spread through urine by dogs, foxes, coyotes, raccoons, and rodents. This particular virus stays active in moist/wet soil.

Rabies is a viral disease that is fatal for dogs and cats. Rabies is almost always transmitted via the bite of a rabid animal (often a skunk, raccoon, fox or bat). It is a New York State Law that all dogs and cats have a current Rabies Vaccine. There are two Rabies vaccines. The first is a one-year vaccine which is given to puppies or dogs that have never been vaccinated. After this, a three-year Rabies Vaccine is administered.

Bordetella is a vaccine for an upper respiratory infection that is HIGHLY contagious between dogs. The first symptom of Kennel Cough is a dry cough.  If you have multiple dogs, and one has started coughing, it might be best to treat all at the same time to avoid relapses of infection. A cough in dogs can be a symptom of a more severe condition. At our hospital, we treat coughing dogs as an emergency (same-day appointments).


Outdoor cats are more at risk for potential diseases transmitted from our environment and other animals. We highly recommend indoor cats to be vaccinated as well. Unfortunately, we have treated indoor cats with preventable terminal problems. We recommend that outdoor cats are tested every year for FELV/FIV.

FVRCP is a  vaccine that protects against rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, chlamydia, and panleukopenia, which are transmitted by saliva, mucus, and other secretions of acutely ill cats.

Feline Leukemia is a  virus that can infect cats by saliva or nasal discharge, biting, or sharing food and water dishes. It is recommended for both indoor and outdoor cats, as this virus may be fatal. The American Association of Feline Practitioners recommends every kitten be vaccinated for Feline Leukemia.

Rabies is mainly transmitted through the bite wounds of infected mammals and is highly contagious. It is a New York State Law that all dogs and cats have a current Rabies Vaccine.

FEL/FIV is a routine blood test that should be annually done on outdoor cats. For indoor cats, discuss your cats’ risk factor with one of our doctors.